Building a shed door can be a simple task, do the basics right and you will feel proud every time you go in to your shed. The first part of this condtruction shows you the types of shed door, the parts of the door and how they go. I then show you how to build a shed door step by step, with pictures of a shed door that recently. There are three levels of construction that you could opt for before deciding to go the whole hog and buy a ready-made door and frame.

A good balance of ease of construction can be achieved with the ledged and braced door Qualith simple ledged door has a tendency to drop over time. Due to expansion and contraction of the timber gravity takes a hold and eventually the door bolt won't line up with the keep on the frame.

The framed ledged shed door construction quality braced door is the strongest and most stable of the. The door is prevented from dropping by the diagonal braces and the frame around the perimeter helps to make the door more secure and prevent shed door construction quality of the whole door.

However this does qality at a cost of complexity. To make a good framed, ledged and braced door you will need to construct mortise and tenon joints for the frame and braces. A happy medium of the two is the ledged and braced door. This is the one that I show in the step by step building a shed door instructions further down this page. Elements of a shed door If you are building a shed door there is a wide degree of combinations of thickness and type of materials that can be used to construct each of these shed door construction quality door components.

But generally the thicker and better quality the timber the stronger and more stable the final result will be. It goes without saying that many commercially built sheds are built with thin material and of fairly minimal construction. They all work initially but shed door construction quality time the lack of quality starts to. As the door drops, the boards warp. Let's start with the boards that form the main body of the door. These are often made from the same material as the rest of the shed cladding for economy only shed door construction quality type of material to order and visual continuity the door matches the rest of the shed.

In the example below I departed from this convention to make a door Shed Door Vinyl Acetate that contrasted with the cladding of the shed. This contrast came with a time connstruction cost penalty though I was very happy with the result. The simplest type of board to use is the interlocking tongue and groove type.

As these boards interlock there is no gap between them for draughts. Tongue and groove boards start at about 12mm thick very thin and go up to around 20mm. When buying timber of any type be aware of the difference between rough sawn and planed timber. Often suppliers will quote the rough shed door construction quality size it is always larger assuming that you know that the planed timber size will actually be smaller.

This isn't a con trick or them being dis-honest it is just part of the process of taking timber from a tree to the finished log. However to the unititiated shed door construction quality can be confusing:.

I prefer rough sawn timber for cladding sheds for three reasons:. Firstly it is cheaper, planing timber costs money so the rough sawn timber is cheaper per square metre. It is thicker, by planing a section you take away some of qulity thickness as strength. Finally rough sawn timber is better at receiving paint and stain than planed timber. The rough surface holds the paint better, is more absorbent and doesn't suffer from compression of the quzlity in the planning process.

As you will soon see I used 20mm thick, rough sawn, square edge boards and so needed a cover strip to weather proof the gaps shed door construction quality the boards. This was part of my design, but one that added a little extra to the time needed to make the door. If you are building a shed shed door construction quality for the first time then I would recommend that you use tongue shed door construction quality groove boards.

If you are using 20mm thick boards for the face of the door then you could use the same timber for the ledges and braces.

But if you are using that skinny 12mm thick planed material I would recommend that you use something thicker like 32x45 for the ledges and braces. There is no structural connection between the two.

The traditional method is to make a notch in the ledger as in this sketch so that the brace is always in compression. Setting out of the interface between a brace and ledge What connectors are used to connect the shed door construction quality and braces shed door construction quality the shed door construction quality Traditionally ledged and braced doors are nailed from the.

This works when fixing through thinner material into a thicker brace or ledge. When fixing with nails like this then typically the nail lengh is 2. For building a shed door like this you will see that I opted to use screws and use them from the inside of the door. This meant that the fixings are protected from the weather and the front of the door is not damaged.

It also gives the front of the door a 'cleaner' appearance. If you use a timber such as oak or sweet chestnut for building a shed door then you will also need to use Stainless Steel screws as they are resistant doro the acidic tannins in these woods.

I mentioned earlier that it would definitely save you time to buy ready cut boards, with a tongue and groove profile, but would it be as much fun? The boards that I used here were 20mm thick, rough sawn, waney edge boards which are almost a waste product from the saw mill that I bought them.

The boards as bought were 'wet' and needed time to air dry allow approximately one year per inch of thickness. To keep the boards relatively straight, stack them with timber spacers every mm and keep a weight on top while they shed door construction quality. Laying out and assessing the waney edge boards Cutting the boards to width would normally be done on a table saw For a small number of boards such as this it is slightly more time-consuming - but relatively straightforward - to use a standard hand held circular saw.

Use a straight floor board as a straight edge sged the first cut and then make use of the width guide which is part of the saw's add-ons to cut the opposite shhed. When cutting the board you will need to use your own skill and judgement to cut off the sap wood while maximising the useful width of the board. It is also really helpful to inspect the timber and see what features you want to cut out or include. You need to cut off the end checks and splits but there may be some interesting knot or grain features that you want to include.

Board clamped to bench and cutting off the waney edge Decide on the width and height of your door The dimensions of the door for this shed were sged. I cut the boards to length and laid them out to work out what I thought as the best arrangement. Laying out the boards for the door When arranging the boards for building a shed door take into account the orientation of the growth rings.

Due to the nature of the boards, the outside of the board will shed door construction quality and shrink at a different rate to the inside, leading to an effect known as 'cupping'. Close up view of end grain. The board nearest the camera has the heartwood facing to the outside. The board next to it shed door construction quality placed incorrectly with the heartwood facing inward and will be flipped over to minimise 'cupping' Arrange the battens and braces on the back of the door I used three boards across the back to form the shed door construction quality for this door.

The ledges keep the face of the door straight and provide a connection between each of the boards. You will see that sometimes people attempt to reduce the number of ledges to two. This is a false economy in my view and makes the door less robust. When building a shed door, the slope construcction of the braces is important. Timber swells and contracts perpendicular to the grain but varies little dimensionally along the grain.

Having the braces sloping up from the bottom and middle hinge puts the brace into compression. This means that the weight of the door is trying to close the joint all the time and push the brace into the housing. If the doot was the other way up then the weight of the door shed door construction quality be trying to open the joint, which given enough time along with wet and dry cycles, would happen.

Then the door would no longer be square and start to sag. Laying out the ledgers and braces on the back of the door Note:. When you take a look at doors on commercial sheds you often see that they have one brace sloping up and one sloping downwards. I believe that this is to hedge their bets and so that they are guaranteed that at least one brace will be effective whichever way up the door constructino hung.

Once you have decided on the qua,ity for the ledges and the sjed, mark these on the boards and cut out the housings. Using a chisel and mallet is the easiest method to do. Building a shed door - Cutting in the braces with a mallet and chisel A final touch for the ledges and braces is to plane or use a router to add a small chamfer to each of the exposed edges.

This increases the visual appeal hsed the elements and also reduces the possibility of splinters and splitting of the edges. Use clamps to shed door construction quality the boards together and also to hold the ledges and braces in position while you fix them in place. The traditional method of fixing the battens to the door was to nail from the 'front' of the door through the board and ledger.

The shed door construction quality of shed door construction quality nail was then 'clenched' which means bashing the end of the nail over so that the nail couldn't be removed. With the advent of modern fixings I choose to secure the battens and braces from the back of the door with screws, thereby giving the front of the door a less cluttered look. Close up of brace and fixings. Note that holes for screws are pre-drilled and countersunk Remember to use stainless steel screws when working with sweet chestnut or oak.

The natural tannins within the wood, which are responsible for the timber's durability, are acidic and promote corrosion in plain steel fixings.

Moreover,sweet chestnut can be prone to splitting when relatively unseasoned so pre-drilling and countersinking the screw constrhction reduces the possibility of this happening.

Make sure you understand where the qulity pin sits in relation to the door opening so that you fit the hinge in the correct position. This will prevent problems further down sheed line when you come to hang the door. Fitting the hinges Fitting the cover strips If you are building a shed door out of the more commonly available tongue and groove boarding then you can omit this step.

Making a door from plain edge board means that gaps will appear between the boards dependent on the season of the year and the moisture content of the door. The cover strips that we added are to keep out the worst of the rain construdtion wind.

Though having a tongue and groove board or a loose tongue rebated between the boards is definitely an alternative solution. Fitting the cover strips I liked the appearance of the cover strips especially after seeing something similar on a visit to my local pub. Pub door of similar construction with cover strips Finishing the door With the door complete, apply a couple of coats connstruction linseed oil or teak oil.

These treatments soak into the fabric of the timber and add to its natural durability. They shed door construction quality make it easier to recoat and maintain as unlike paint they repel water and moisture does not get trapped behind. The best fittings that I have come across are the 'long throw' style locks.


May 07,  · A quality shed will have steel truss plates holding the rafters together. The common alternative to steel truss plates is wood siding material nailed or stapled across the rafter joints. We do not recommend this method because it is simply not strong. Nailed to the top of the trusses is an Oriented Stand Board (OSB) sheeting product. Jan 20,  · First of all, you need to use quality materials, otherwise the shed door won’t have a nice appearance and won’t be durable. Build the door using the piece of plywood cut out in the previous steps of the project. Attach 1×4 trims to the door, in order to enhance the rigidity of the frame. Align the components into place before locking them with screws. Always align the trims, as well as the door, .




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