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Danny's Construction sued Birdair in The stadium's condition suffered considerably in the early 21st century. During the Expos' final years in Montreal, it was coated with grime, and much of the concrete was chipped, stained, and soiled. In , the stadium received approval to remain open in the winter, provided weather conditions are favourable.

The city fire department warned in August that without corrective measures, including a new roof, it may order the stadium closed. Events cannot be held if more than 3 centimetres 1. In June , the Olympic Installations Board sought approval from the provincial government for the contract. A slab of concrete measuring approximately 8 by 12 metres 26 by 39 ft fell from the roof of the stadium's underground parking facility on March 4, There were no injuries. In , a new high definition scoreboard was installed, replacing the aging two-panel display dating back to the stadium's renovations in The Canadian Football League 's Montreal Alouettes became the stadium's first major post-Olympic tenant when they moved their home games there halfway through the season.

Capacity was reduced from its Olympic capacity of 72, to 58,, but leapt to 66, when the natural grass was replaced with AstroTurf ahead of the season.

A revived Alouettes franchise returned for the and seasons , but then moved to the Percival Molson Stadium in , only using the larger Olympic Stadium for select regular-season and home playoff games. As of , the franchise uses Olympic Stadium for playoff games only. Due to the increased popularity of the Alouettes and the small capacity of Percival Molson Stadium, the team considered returning to Olympic Stadium on a full-time basis, but instead renovated Percival Molson Stadium to increase its capacity.

Olympic Stadium has hosted the Grey Cup a total of six times, most recently in when the Calgary Stampeders defeated the hometown Alouettes. The stadium holds the record for nine of the ten largest crowds in CFL history , which include five regular-season and four Grey Cup games.

A single-game record crowd numbering 69, attended a game played on September 6, between the Alouettes and Toronto Argonauts. As a part of the team's franchise grant, a domed stadium was supposed to be in place for the baseball season.

However, due to the delays in constructing Olympic Stadium, until , the Expos annually sought and received a waiver to remain at Jarry. As late as January , it was thought the Expos would have to play at least part of the season at Jarry as well. However, an agreement was reached in February, and an official announcement came in March. The Expos played 59 home games at Olympic Stadium in each of their final two seasons of and ; the franchise moved south to Washington, D.

Olympic Stadium's first baseball game was played on April 15, In front of 57,, the Expos lost 7�2 to the Philadelphia Phillies. However, the Expos had to use a hacksaw to cut open the locks because the OIB did not have a master key. On October 19, the Expos lost the decisive fifth game, 2�1, to the Dodgers on Rick Monday 's ninth-inning home run. On September 29, , the Expos played their last game in Montreal, losing 9�1 to the Florida Marlins before 31, Olympic Stadium proved to be somewhat problematic as a baseball venue.

As in all multipurpose stadiums, the lower seating tier was set further back than in baseball-specific parks to accommodate the football field.

However, since Canadian football fields are longer and wider than American football fields, Olympic Stadium's lower tier was set back even further than comparable seats at American multipurpose stadiums. The Expos felt considerable chagrin that they were not consulted on the stadium's location, design, or construction even though they were slated to be its primary tenants.

Nonetheless, for most of their tenure they put considerable effort into making the atmosphere friendlier for baseball. During the s and early s, fans arriving at the stadium from the Metro were greeted by an oom-pah band playing " The Happy Wanderer. Before the season , the OIB began a major overhaul on the stadium's baseball configuration.

The lower deck in center field was removed to make room for a larger scoreboard with replay capability. Also ahead of the season, the running track was removed, home plate was moved closer to the stands and new seats closer to the field were installed. Several distant sections of permanent seating beyond the outfield fence were closed, replaced with bleacher seats directly behind the fence.

The total seating capacity for baseball was reduced from a high of around 60, to 46, The Expos were very successful in the stadium for a time, with above National League median attendance in and from to The stadium's playing conditions left much to be desired. For most of the Expos' tenure, the playing surface was an extremely thin AstroTurf carpet, with only equally thin padding between it and the concrete floor.

It was so hard on players' knees that visiting teams frequently ran at a nearby park. Before the roof finally arrived, players had to contend with huge patches of ice in early April or late September. Additionally, for most of the Expos' tenure, the padding on the fence was so thin that fielders risked severe injury by going after long fly balls.

However, the OIB was also unwilling to replace the padding. By the s, several free agents specifically demanded that the Expos be taken out of consideration due to the poor playing conditions. By the mids, owner Claude Brochu concluded that Olympic Stadium was not suitable as a baseball venue, and actively campaigned for a replacement.

Ten years after the last Expos game at Olympic Stadium, the Toronto Blue Jays played two spring training games at the stadium against the New York Mets on March 28 and 29, , with combined attendance of 96, Louis Cardinals on March 26 and 27, , with combined attendance of 51, [64] and the Milwaukee Brewers on March 25 and 26, Willie Stargell of the Pittsburgh Pirates hit the longest home run at Olympic Stadium on May 20, , driving the ball into the second deck in right field for an estimated distance of feet.

The yellow seat that marked the location where the ball landed has been removed from the level. The seat is now preserved at the Canadian Baseball Hall of Fame. Stargell also hit a notable home run at the Expos' original Montreal home, Jarry Park, which landed in a swimming pool beyond the right field fence.

The distance traveled by this ball is also estimated at feet. The longest home run hit to left field was Vladimir Guerrero 's blast on July 28, , that hit an advertising sign directly below the left field upper deck. The ad was later replaced with a sign reading "VLAD ".

A playoff game against the Chicago Sting attracted a crowd of over 58, This was the first time an international soccer game took place in Montreal during the winter months. Milan of the Italian Serie A on June 2, before 47, Over 34, attended the game. Bordeaux defeated Guingamp , 2�0.

The game was held in Montreal to help Ligue 1 break into the growing North America soccer market. On March 17, , a record crowd of 58, packed Olympic Stadium to cheer on the current version of the Montreal Impact for their MLS debut on home soil, in an entertaining 1�1 draw with the Chicago Fire , setting a new attendance record for professional soccer in Quebec.

This stadium is one of Canada's three candidate venues for the FIFA World Cup and is expected to get a retractable roof during the renovations for this sports event. Starting in , the Desjardins Group plans to move approximately of its employees into the Montreal Tower. The company plans to occupy 7 of the 12 floors available in the tower. Over 30, people attended. In , the venue was the site of the Artistic Gymnastics World Championships.

Several songs into Metallica's set, frontman and rhythm guitarist James Hetfield was accidentally burned by improper pyrotechnics forcing the band to cut their set short as Hetfield was rushed to the hospital. Lead guitarist Kirk Hammett , bassist Jason Newsted and drummer Lars Ulrich promised a makeup concert to quell the sold-out crowd of 54, The band would later perform two half-priced shows at the Montreal Forum in February Singer Axl Rose later blamed the issues on bad audio and vocal problems.

The Expos' schedule was unaffected by the repairs made to the stadium as they had been on a seven game game away stretch. Pink Floyd attracted the largest paid crowd to the Olympic Stadium: 78, people on July 6, The largest crowds for an opera performance were on June 16 and 18, , with 63, to watch a production of Aida.

Viau metro station on the Green Line is also nearby. As part of the commemorative stamps created for the Olympics , Canada Post issued a stamp depicting the Olympic Stadium and Velodrome. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Stadium built for the Olympic Games in Montreal. This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Canada portal Olympics portal Baseball portal Soccer portal Sports portal.

Part olympique. Retrieved May 12, The Globe and Mail. April 1, Montreal Impact. Retrieved June 22, The Gazette. June 10, Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. December 19, Archived from the original on January 3, Retrieved June 25, Olympic Stadium Montreal.

Society for American Baseball Research , Up, Up and Away. Toronto : Random House Canada. ISBN Retrieved September 26, Archived May 6, , at the Wayback Machine Volume 2. Archived from the original on September 18, Retrieved December 7, Retrieved January 19, Retrieved July 16, Archived from the original on July 13, Retrieved November 23, Retrieved May 16, Retrieved March 2, Lawrence KS Journal World.

Associated Press. April 15, Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. June 28, Eugene Register-Guard. January 19, Boca Raton News. January 20, October 2, CBC News. November 10, Archived from the original on May 11, New Civil Engineer. The Guardian. Bleacher Report. Montreal: Canwest. Retrieved January 9, June 29, Retrieved June 29, Postmedia Network Inc. May 8, May 10, Archived from the original on May 21, Retrieved May 28, CTV News.

The Canadian Press. March 5, Archived from the original on March 5, Retrieved March 5, Retrieved November 19, National Post. Archived from the original on June 1, November 9, Retrieved November 10, March 9, Retrieved March 9, It received major facelift in and continued to be built after when the sedan was replaced in Japan.

Also in , The 2. The production of S Crown in Indonesia was stopped in In the early s , the numbers of imported cars in China increased dramatically, despite the high import tax. China's consumer spending was getting out of the control and created a severe trade deficit. Customs duties on imported goods were raised in March and a new "regulatory tax" was added a few months later.

By the fall of , a two-year moratorium on nearly all vehicle imports was imposed. But the unclear definition of "car production in China" at that time, inspired the local entrepreneurs to use this loophole. The company then made a business deal with Shanxi -based small bus manufacturer, Datong Saibeijian Auto Works, to use their licensed brand for selling these cars and one of them was Saibeijian Crown. By the time, this was considered as smuggling. This made both the real join ventures that invested so much money and the Chinese government that lost their income from the import tax unhappy.

This led the government arresting more than government, customs and law enforcement officials on the southern Guangdong area around Zhanjiang on September 8, This affair was known as " smuggling case", the largest mainland smuggling racket of the last 50 years.

Launched in , this model of Toyota Crown departed from the traditional styling of previous models, and introduced the new Royal Touring trim level. The new hardtop model carried the S chassis designation, while the refreshed Crown sedan and wagon still kept the S chassis from the previous generation Crown.

For the ninth-generation Crown, the Super Edition trim level was removed, and the Super Saloon trim became the entry-level trim. The Royal Saloon G trim kept all of the luxurious options of the previous generation including a fully digital gauge cluster, GPS navigation, and more safety equipment than other trim levels. Styling was largely changed from the S generation. The design had shifted to a more curved front and rear end, and removed the Crown badges from the C-pillars which had been on previous models.

A brand new taillight design was introduced, which was a curved, wrap-around design. Because of the new rear-end styling moving away from the traditional separate, squared taillights, the design was negatively received.

This caused sales and popularity to be much lower than its rivals, the Nissan Cedric and Gloria, as well as the previous generation Crown. This special model included new chrome door handles and an all-chrome grill. Later in , a facelift model was released.

The rear design went back to that of the S type Crown which was more favorably received. Other changes included restoring the Crown emblems to the C-pillars, a further revised front grill, front bumper, and rear bumper.

This newly revised Crown was well received over the previous styling, and was able to win back some sales for the ninth-generation Crown. Even after the facelift styling in late , the ninth-generation Crown was labeled a failure in Japan compared to other generations and its rivals. Because of the lower sales volume, car recycling for tax incentive in Japan, and the export of used examples to other countries, the ninth-generation Crown has become difficult to find within Japan.

The series Crown were built as Sedan and Hardtop frameless door window only. This was the first Crown to not use separate chassis construction. The Wagon retained the old series model until Engine is either 2. As with previous generations, all vehicles with the 2. This generation Crown was not exported in great numbers. These Crowns, with sedan rather than hardtop bodywork, were fitted either with the 2. In an effort to return to the original purpose of the Crown, which was to serve as a taxi, the Crown Comfort had smaller exterior dimensions but a roomier and taller interior than the Crown Royal series.

To reduce unnecessary cost and weight and increase interior space, the more luxurious dashboard and fitments including leather seats of the Crown Royal were replaced with less bulky all-plastic versions. The Comfort is also used as an instructional vehicle for people learning how to drive. The Japanese model has fender mirrors and an automatic driver-activated rear door. The Crown Comfort is popular among taxicab in Japan , Hong Kong and Singapore in the past, but is gradually falling out of favour as better-appointed vehicles become available at competitive cost.

The new Crown Sedan for the Japanese market only is based on the Comfort, but has wider tail lights and longer bumpers. The Crown Comfort was removed from Toyota's Japanese website on May 25, , indicating that production and sales may have ended.

The series, launched in September , features shorter front overhang therefore maximizing interior and trunk space. There are two different series 4-door Saloon; the Royal and Athlete. The Majesta , while sharing the same S chassis, is a separate vehicle which is larger and longer than the Crown and has distinctive front and rear styling. The four-door Hardtop was discontinued. The series Estate launched in December was the first new Crown Wagon after the series and continued in production until March The engine installed is either the 2.

The Athlete V has 2. The Royal was also offered with a 3. Later non-hybrid models were offered with the direct-injection version of the 2JZ engine. For the updated Athlete versions starting from August the tail lamps were changed from incandescent to LED lights and the front grille changed to a mesh design.

Optional inch wheels were also offered starting from An innovation was the electronically controlled Toyota Electronic Modulated Suspension air suspension combining nonlinear H-infinity control of damping force and roll-orientation control. The S model of the Crown, released in late , was based on the Zero Crown concept car. The engine was changed to a V6 for the new Royal and Athlete models, while the Crown Majesta used the V8 only, now in 4.

The new engines gave more performance while also giving better fuel economy. Compared with the previous model, this model was increased by 70 mm 2. The S series Crown Estate was continued alongside the S sedans, and was replaced by the luxury-oriented Toyota Alphard for load carrying duties and multiple passengers. It continued to use the older inline six-cylinder engines. This generation of the Crown is available in 4 different trim levels: the Crown Royal series which is a more comfortable and luxurious car; the Crown Athlete series which takes the luxurious aspect of the Royal series but has more aggressive styling and sporty features; the Crown Majesta series with different styling and more luxurious features than the Royal series; and the Crown Hybrid series which is a trim level designated for the Hybrid Synergy Drive V6 drivetrain.

This is the longest and widest Crown to be built until the arrival of the fourteenth generation S model. The fourteenth generation Crown was launched on 25 December with new styling, with the Royal series front styling theme paying homage to the fifth generation MS series. Most aspects of the car can be controlled by Toyota Multi-Operation Touch panel. The S Crown was launched in China in March The Crown currently uses the 2 litre 8AR-FTS turbocharged four cylinder engine paired to an 8-speed automatic gearbox.

Compared to its Japanese counterpart, the Crown S in China is 35 millimetres longer in length, 5 millimetres wider, 15 millimetres shorter in height, 65 millimetres longer in wheelbase and is to kilograms lighter in kerb weight. The front end of the Chinese variant has a razor blade grille just like its Japanese counterpart and has thinner headlights and taillights for a sleeker design.

The fifteenth-generation Crown was unveiled as a concept at the 45th Tokyo Motor Show in October and went on sale on 26 June , [75] [76] alongside the third-generation Century. Three engine choices are offered so as to provide buyers advantages in savings with regards to Japan's annual road tax obligation, and standard equipment content is increased with each trim package matched to the engine size.

All trim levels are offered with either rear wheel drive or full-time all-wheel drive. Motive power for the Crown is the choice of the 2. All trim levels, except the rear wheel drive G Executive can be purchased with the 2. The 3. The only engine for the 4WD models is 2. By using this hardware, Toyota can provide various connected services to T-Connect [note 1] subscribers through its proprietary Mobility Service Platform MSPF , an information infrastructure developed by the company for Connected Cars.

Moving forward, Toyota aims to equip most new passenger vehicles in its domestic market with DCM. Beginning on August 1, , Toyota Motor Corporation Toyota , with Toyota City, will start Japan's first verification testing for road maintenance inspections using vehicle data obtained from connected cars. The verification test will enable assessment of whether the degree of road deterioration index values computed from the car's behavior data and actual road conditions are consistent, and validate these findings on more typical regional roads.

Toyota also aims to further advance its technology toward supporting administrative services that implement road maintenance and inspection work in Toyota City more accurately and appropriately. To ensure that Toyota can hope to offer security and peace of mind to customers with the addition of these new vehicle data services and for a smooth operation, they will establish a " Connected Operation Kaizen Dojo " within its training center in Nisshin-city Aichi Prefecture and train dealership staff nationwide.

The fifteenth generation Crown is equipped with Toyota Safety Sense 2. Toyota Crown prototype displayed at the Tokyo Motor Show. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Motor vehicle. Front-engine, rear-wheel-drive Front-engine, four-wheel-drive since Toyopet Master Toyopet Master Ribbon. Japan Australia AMI [23]. Front-engine, rear-wheel-drive Front-engine, four-wheel-drive. Main article: Toyota Comfort. Front-engine, rear-wheel-drive Front-engine, four-wheel-drive 2.

Retrieved Japan: Toyota. Archived from the original on Toyota Motor Corporation. ISBN Tokyo: Miki Press. Classic Japanese Performance Cars.

Great Cars. Motor Trend. Kyoto University Economic Review. Kyoto University. ISSN JSTOR Unique Cars and Parts. Exports of Completely-built Vehicles". Archived from the original PDF on Australian Classic Car. March 11, Berne, Switzerland: Hallwag SA: � Shibusawa Shashi Database in Japanese. Shibusawa Eiichi Memorial Foundation. Catalog No. Milano: Editoriale Domus S.

Toyota Motor Co. Toyota dares to defy tomorrow. UK: Toyota. Japan: Japan Automobile Manufacturers Association. Le Moniteur de l'Automobile in French.

Brussels, Belgium: Editions Auto-Magazine. De AutoGids in Dutch. Brussels, Belgium: Uitgeverij Auto-Magazine. Andalan in Indonesian. PT New Ratna Motor. June Motor80 in Indonesian. IV no. PT Blora Mulya. Tekniikan Maailma in Finnish. Helsinki: TM-Julkaisu. Automaailma Japanese cars online catalogs. Used Car Catalog in Japanese. Retrieved 1 December South China Morning Post. Car and Driver HK Jan. Sina Motors in Chinese. China: Toyota.

Close up of the car you care about] in Japanese. Automotive World. Nikkei Asian Review. WebJD China. Scion WiLL Toyopet. Toyota Financial Services. Dyna Type 73 Medium Truck. Categories : Toyota vehicles Full-size vehicles Executive cars Hybrid electric cars Luxury vehicles Police vehicles Rear-wheel-drive vehicles All-wheel-drive vehicles Cars introduced in s cars s cars s cars s cars s cars s cars s cars.

Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history. Help Learn to edit Community portal Recent changes Upload file. Download as PDF Printable version. Wikimedia Commons. Executive car E. Toyopet Masterline commercial models. Front-engine, rear-wheel-drive. Toyopet Masterline. Japan: Yokosuka Kanto Auto Works [19]. February �September [27]. Oct �Aug [27]. Pre-facelift Toyota Crown 2. Toyota Crown Majesta S Toyota Avalon XX50 China.

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